Facts About Ants
Ants demonstrate unbelievable potential. They live in huge integrated colonies. They have the capacity of lifting weights that are many times the weight of their body. Their activities are coordinated with extreme perfection, in the most precise manner.
However, their several activities are alarming, which make them enemies to mankind.. Maybe it is high time to check out on the activities of these creatures from a broader perspective. It is imperative that you have knowledge of your foes in order to deal with them.
Nest of Black Ants
Ants are eusocial (living in a cooperative group) creatures that belong to the Formicidae family Together with their counterparts, such as bees and wasps; they are of the Hymenoptera order. In the society of ants, they have a perfectly divided labor system. They communicate with each other, and, at the same time, are capable of resolving complicated situations. These insects go hand in hand with the human civilizations and they have always been a motivation for people researching on them.
The cooperation and communication of the ants take place with the help of a chemical called pheromones that signals others of forthcoming danger, or directs them to a hopeful source of food..
Ants are skeletal type insects. Similar to wasps, their cousins, there is a thin joint between their thorax and abdomen. Most ants vary in size between 5 – 15 mm in length.
Ants are categorized by biologists as an exclusive family of wasps (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). In every colony of ant there is either a single or number of queens.
The Qoeen or Queens represent the head of the society of ants, the main duty of the queen ant being to lay thousands of eggs, which guarantee the continued existence of the colony. The wingless females or worker ants do not reproduce Other than foraging for food, they take care of the queen’s off springs, give protection for their community, do work on the nest and go about several other duties.
The only duty of the male is to mate with the queen. Following this function they are liable to die.
Origin of Ants
Scientists from Florida and Harvard state university jointly performed a massive genetic research in 19 out of the 20 subgroups of ants and concluded that the evolution of ants took place from Wasps during the middle of the Cretaceous era, ranging from 110 to 130 million years back. Following the emergence of the flowering plants, they became distinct. Out of the 22.000 species over 12,500 were classified. Their elbow shaped antennae and the nodal figure that generates their slim waist are clear signs of recognizing them.
Similar to other insects, ants’ posses’ six legs, with three joints on every leg. The ants have very strong legs so they are able to run very fast. Ants are able to lift material 20 times its body weight and in terms of comparison between body weight and lifted weights, it may be the strongest in the animal kingdom.
There are 250 000 brain cells in the brain of an ant. Whereas there are 10,000 million brain cells in that of a human, which means a colony of 40,000 ants together equals the brain of a human being.
The life span of an ant is around 45-60 days.